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Dorfman, A. Whether C in fact supports that principle is a matter of debate. One challenge is to identify the relevant baseline. It turns out to consist at least in part in the provision of a technique for condemning wrongdoers which does not require that we punish in order to condemn. Is it true that justifications deny wrongdoing?
Staff Writer Twitter. Featured Video. Topics genetics Crime ancestry ethics. Alex Baker-Whitcomb. Airbnb Wants to Send You to Antarctica. Don't Fall for It. Megan Molteni. Arielle Pardes. Many wore their bathing suits. Monica Ardery, 5, was the youngest. Mike Marshall, 14, was among the oldest. In between were kids from all different grades, 26 children in all. As the man waved a gun and ushered Ray to the back of the bus, two other men in masks joined him.
They said little other than to prompt the children to move from the front seats. As one man stood in the aisle, the legs of the pantyhose dangling from either side of his head, Ardery had no clue she and her schoolmates would be driven for 11 hours to a rock quarry, where they would be ordered to climb inside a moving van buried in the dirt.
All Ardery saw were those pantyhose legs, almost comical in their appearance. They reminded her of ears. Maybe, she thought, it was just the Easter Bunny. Before their photos were plastered over newspapers around the country, brothers Richard and James Schoenfeld and their friend Fred Woods were no more or less than three men in their early-to-mids who had come to a crossroads. They had become intertwined back in high school—James and Fred Woods had graduated within a year of one another. All came from wealthy families in the Bay Area.
The Schoenfeld patriarch was a podiatrist. Despite their familial wealth, none of the young men appeared comfortable with the trajectory of their lives. James Schoenfeld worked as a busboy to put himself through college. His father had given him money to buy a Jaguar, but he was unable to afford the insurance premiums for it and had to sell the car. James owed Fred Woods money. Fred Woods owed a cousin money. Their attempts at autonomy—to financially support themselves—were failing. As James saw his neighbors accrue more possessions, he developed envy issues. Earlier, the men had discussed getting into the film business.
At some point, they decided the idea would be more lucrative if they simply committed it for real. Later, James recalled that he had read that the state of California was experiencing a billion-dollar surplus. Children were selected, James later recalled, because they would provide little resistance.
With his young passengers on board, he was driving down the narrow Avenue 21 in Chowchilla that afternoon of July 15, , when his route was interrupted by a white van parked in the road with its hood up.
At first, Ray thought he might be able to go around the van. Then he decided they might need help. Before he could make a decision, one of the men wearing a pantyhose mask and brandishing a gun demanded he open the bus doors. The gunmen then climbed on, ordering everyone to the back of the bus.
They traveled for roughly 15 minutes before one of the men steered the bus into a thicket of tall bamboo, obscuring it. Ray and the kids were ordered off and marched to two vans nearby, the bus left behind. The windows inside the vans had been blacked out, making it impossible for the children to know where they were going.
All they knew was that the drive seemed interminable. An hour passed, then two, and then four. By the time the vans came to a stop, they had been driving for a total of 11 hours without any water or opportunity to use a bathroom. Older kids tried to console the younger ones by singing songs. But once the children were led out of the vans and saw what was happening, several of them began to scream.
One by one, they were led to a hole in the ground and ordered to descend a ladder. Below ground in the quarry was a moving van with an open hatch on top. It was buried in the Woods quarry so that the captives would be unable to pierce the metal walls of the cargo area and to keep it hidden from view. To the kids, however, it was nothing more than an oversized tomb.
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Under protest, they went inside, where they were confronted with mattresses and a paltry amount of food and water. When all of them, along with Ray, were inside, the men pulled up the ladder and dragged a steel plate over the opening, weighing it down with heavy tractor batteries. This was covered with plywood and dirt, which only added to the anxiety of the occupants. Satisfied, Woods and the Schoenfelds drove away.
It was in the morning. The bus, which had long been overdue to make its final stop, had been reported missing. And the small town of Chowchilla was already in a panic. The police were at a loss. Terrorism was mentioned, but Chowchilla, with its population of just , seemed an unlikely target. The press reminded authorities that years prior, the Zodiac Killer in San Francisco had once threatened to kill a busload of schoolchildren.
Without encouraging hysteria, the police said they were taking every possible scenario under consideration. The empty school bus had been found around p.
Inside, police found no blood or any signs of foul play. Pieces of clothing were scattered on nearby roads, an apparent attempt to confuse anyone on their trail. From Friday night through Saturday, parents waited at home in a collective state of shock. All the calls to police and to each other had jammed the local phone system.
Those in specialist role feel their 'often ignored advice' is 'merely tokenistic'. IOPC responds to criticism of its investigation with 16 recommendations including audio recording of warrant application hearings. Police officers are trained to do a job but there are situations you can't be prepared for. It's how we deal with them that defines us, not the situation and dealing with trauma is part of it, writes former Detective Chief Superintendent Ellie O'Connor. Get access to exclusive news and features from a policing perspective.
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